Blood in Urine (Haematuria)
Passing blood in the urine is an alarming sign for any patient and understandably causes much anxiety. Whether blood has been seen with the naked eye or picked up on a dipstick test, investigation is merited.
Cancers of the bladder, kidney and prostate may present with blood in the urine. Other causes include infection and kidney stones.
Even if a urinary tract infection has been diagnosed at the same time as the blood in urine, further investigation is recommended to exclude an underlying cause. This may include an Ultrasound or CT scan, and a camera inspection of the bladder (flexible cystoscopy).
Further information on flexible cystoscopy:
Blood in Semen (Haematospermia)
Seeing blood in the semen can be alarming, but is usually a benign (non-cancerous), self-limiting condition. It can occasionally be a sign of an underlying bladder or prostate issue, so further investigation may be merited.